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Ziuta Hartman Honorary Citizen of Warsaw

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Ziuta Hartman, née Rotenberg (born 5 October 1922)

Honorary Citizen of Warsaw since July 2010

Born in Kielce. participant in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

She attended the Jewish Secondary School for Girls in Kielce until the outbreak of World War II. After the creation of the ghetto in Kielce, she was confined to its area. Given over to the German occupier for the lack of a Jewish armband, she miraculously escaped prison. Afterwards she ran away from Kielce to Radom, and then to Warsaw, where at the beginning of 1942, using the underground passage under Leszno Street, she managed to get to the Warsaw ghetto. At first she worked in one of the shops, and then as a messenger for the Jewish Military Association, she repeatedly passed to the Aryan side, where she got weapons, correspondence and food. After the first ghetto liquidation action, she remained within its area. During the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, she participated in fights with the occupier and took care of the wounded in the bunker on Świętojerska Street. After the Nazis took over the building defended by her and her companions, together with the rest of the survivors she was taken to Umschlagplatz. For many days in difficult conditions, she waited to be transported from the ghetto. First she was taken to Poniatowa, and after that she found herself in the German concentration camp in Majdanek. Then she was transferred to the compulsory work camp in Skarżysko Kamienna. In 1944 she was taken to the KL Buchenwald subcamp in Leipzig, where she worked in a weapon factory. There she lived to see the liberation of the camp several days before the end of World War II.

She returned to Poland with the transporting of wounded soldiers and again settled in Kielce, where she started working in the Jewish Committee at 7 Planty Street. There she dealt with collecting information from those who had survived the extermination. After four months of stay in Kielce, together with her husband she crossed the border, leaving Poland for good. Since 1952 she has lived in Israel near Tel Aviv. She has been a co-organiser of meetings of former extermination camp prisoners.