Zbigniew Ścibor-Rylski Honorary Citizen of Warsaw

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fot. Robert Trzaska

Zbigniew Ścibor-Rylski – retired Air Vice-Marshal, pseudonym "Butterfly,"  (born 1917, died 2018)
Honorary Citizen of Warsaw since June 2008.

Born on 10 March 1917 in Browki, Ukraine. After Kiev was captured by the Polish Army, he returned to Poland with his family. On passing his Matura exam he joined the Aviation Cadet School, from which he graduated with flying colours in 1939. He served under the 1st Aviation Regiment based at Warsaw’s Okęcie airport, which on 6 September 1939 was evacuated south-east. Then he joined the Independent Operational Group “Polesie” commanded by General Franciszek Kleeberg. He took part in fighting in Mrozy, Łęczna, Adamów, and Kock.
After the capitulation of General Kleeberg’s group caused by the lack of ammunition, he was removed to Kielce and then to the camp in Stargard from where he was taken to prisoner-of-war camps in Horost, Strossdorf, and Piritz, from where he managed to escape on 1 July 1940. After arriving in Warsaw on 1 September 1940, he joined ZWZ-AK (The Union of Armed Struggle-Home Army), where he was assigned to the airdrop receiving group. On 20 June 1943 he was sent to Kowlo, where Colonel “Luboń” Bobiński was in charge. After the establishment of the 27th Volhynian Infantry Division of the Home Army on 1 January 1944, he became commander of the Sokół 50 Infantry Battalion. He advanced through all the ranks of the division. In July 1944 he was called to Warsaw, and on 1 August 1944 he was assigned to the Czata 49 batallion, “Radosław” grouping. He fought in Wola, Muranów, Stawki, and the Old City. Over the course of the campaign he was wounded three times.
As an active member of the Committee for the Construction of the Monument to the Warsaw Uprising, he organised the circle of veterans from Czata 49. In 1989 he established the Association of Warsaw Insurgents. From the fourth term of office he has been its President. He was also a member of the Committee for the Construction of the Monument of the Underground State of the Home Army, a member of the Veteran Council of the Polish President. He taked part in the work of the Council for the Protection of Struggle and Martyrdom Sites. Between 2004-2014 he has been a member of the Chapter of the War Order Virtuti Militari.
Twice honoured with the Silver Cross of Virtuti Militari, twice with the Cross of Valour, he has also received the Commander’s Cross with the Star of Polonia Restituta, the Warsaw Cross of the Uprising, and many other distinctions.