Zbigniew Romaszewski (born 2 January 1940 in Warsaw, died 13 February 2014 in Warsaw)
Honorary Citizen of the Capital City of Warsaw since June 2013.
A politician, opposition activist during the period of the People's Republic of Poland, Doctor of Physics, Senator (seven consecutive terms of office in the years 1989-2011), Deputy Chairman of the seventh term Senate, a member of the State Tribunal.
After the Warsaw Uprising he was taken with his mother to the Gross-Rosen work camp. He graduated in physics at the University of Warsaw in 1964, and received his doctorate at the Institute of Physics of the Polish Academy of Science in 1980.
In 1967, he and his wife Zofia collected signatures for a petition of the scientific staff in defence of Adam Michnik. After March '68, political discussions were held in his apartment, to which leading representatives of the oppositional intelligentsia were invited. In June 1976, after the workers’ protests in Radom and Ursus, he participated in the action to help the oppressed that was organised by the Workers' Defence Committee. From 1977, he was a member of the Committee for Social Self-Defence KOR. With his wife they managed the Intervention Office KOR that recorded cases of human rights violations and provided the victims with legal and material assistance. At the turn of 1980, he established the Helsinki Committee.
In 1980-1981, he was repeatedly stopped by officers of the Security Service. During martial law, he had to go into hiding. At that time, he organised the underground radio "Solidarity". On August 29, 1982, he was arrested and tried in two consecutive trials of the founders of the Radio and Intervention Office KOR, then he was imprisoned (in 1982-1984). In 1985 he organised a Political Prisoner Week (November 3-10). At that time, with his wife he founded the Polish Fund of Law and Order and became its President. From December 1986, he led the Commission for Intervention and Rule of Law NSZZ "Solidarity" that was reactivated in the underground. It dealt with documenting instances of repression and offered assistance to the victims.
At the Round Table, he sat in the assembly for the reform of the State and courts. From July 4, 1989 to November 7, 2011 he served continuously in the Senate, where he chaired the Human Rights and Rule of Law Committee during the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 6th term. In 1998 he founded the Foundation for the Defence of Human Rights, which on the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights organised in Warsaw the Third International Conference on Human Rights.
He is a Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, and he has also been awarded the Commander's Cross of the Order of Merits to Lithuania as well as the Portugal Grand Cross of the Order of Merit.
fot. Piotr Kowalczyk (ze zbiorów Archiwum Senatu RP)