Władysław Bartoszewski, (born on 19 February 1922, died on 24 April 2015)
Honorary Citizen of Warsaw since April 1999
The Resolution of the Council of the Capital City of Warsaw No. X/62/99 of 12 April 1999
A journalist, historian, social activist, diplomat, and politician. He was taken to the Auschwitz concentration camp during one of the first transportations from Warsaw in September 1940. After his release, several months later, he gave an account of the situation in the camp to the Polish underground authorities. In the summer of 1942 he was one of the co-founders of ”Żegota”, one of the underground organisations whose objective was to help Jews sentenced to extermination. At the same time, as a Home Army soldier (Armia Krajowa), he was a Bureau of Information and Propaganda of the Headquarters activist, as well as the editorial assistant of the Information Bulletin. In the years 1942 – 1944 he was a vice-manager of the so-called imprisonment division created in the Department of Internal Affairs of the Representative Government, whose objective was the collection and preparation of information from Hitler’s torture chambers, i.a., Pawiak’s case. Bartoszewski was imprisoned in the years 1946 – 1948 and 1949 – 1954 for his activities during the occupation period and the postwar opposition activities.
Since the nineteen seventies he has been an opposition activist. Bartoszewski is the author of approximately 40 books and nearly 1500 articles, the vast majority of which deal with the German occupation.
He dedicated a number of publications to Warsaw, i.a.: "Warszawski pierścień śmierci"[Warsaw Death Ring], "Palmiry"[the village of German mass executions of Jews], "Straceni na ulicach miasta"[Perished in the Streets of the City], and "Dni walczącej stolicy"[Days of the Fighting Capital].
Bartoszewski is a co-publisher of documentation and accounts collected in “”Ten jest z ojczyzny mojej. Polacy z pomocą Żydom 1939-1945” [This one is from my homeland. Poles aiding Jews 1939-1945 and a documented monograph entitled “Ludność cywilna w Powstaniu Warszawskim” [The Civilian Population and the Warsaw Uprising].
He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of Poland Reborn, Commander's Cross with the Star of the Order of Poland Reborn, the Order of the White Eagle, and Commander's Cross of the Order of the Legion of Honour.
Currently, Bartoszewski dedicates most of his time to social, academic and political activities.
In November 2007 he was appointed by the Prime Minister Donald Tusk as the Secretary of State in the Office of the Chairman of the Council of Ministers and ambassador for international affairs.