The Dalai Lama, (born 6 July 1935)
Honorary Citizen of Warsaw since May 2009.
Born to a peasant family in the village of Taktser in north-eastern Tibet, near the city of Xining, as Lhamo Dhondrub. At the age of two, after a long search for the next incarnations of the Dalai Lama,maintained according to centuries-old Tibetan tradition , he was recognised as the incarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso. The Dalai Lama received a new name: Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso - Holy Lord, the Noble Praise, the Full of Compassion Defender of the Faith, the Ocean of Wisdom. Tibetan Buddhists normally refer to him as Yeshe Norbu, the Wish Fulfilling Gem, or simply Kundun - Presence. The enthronement ceremony was held on 22 February 1940 in the Tibetan capital, Lhasa. From that moment he has been a spiritual and political leader of Tibet.
Since the collapse of the national uprising against Chinese rule in 1959, the Dalai Lama has been living in exile in India, where he directs the Government of Tibet in Exile in Dharamsala. A philosopher, scholar, spiritual teacher, a great moral authority, and a staunch spokesman for dialogue, reconciliation and non-violence, he has been tirelessly fighting to restore the fundamental rights of his countrymen and the solution of the problem of Tibet. For this activity in 1989 Dalai Lama received the Nobel Peace Prize.