Tadeusz Mazowiecki, (born 18 April 1927, died 28 October 2013)
Honorary Citizen of Warsaw since May 2009
Born in Płock, a journalist, social activist and politician, the first Prime Minister of the Polish Third Republic.
Between 1949-1955, he worked in the PAX Association. In 1958, he established the “Więź” monthly and became its editor-in-chief. From 1961 to 1972, he was a representative in the Sejm of PRL (People’s Republic of Poland), serving his third, fourth and fifth terms as a member of the Catholic group Znak. He raised the issue of the events of March 1968 in the Sejm. After the events of December 1970, he insisted on setting up a committee in order to find those who were responsible for the bloodshed. When in 1976 he was no longer allowed to run for parliamentary office, he joined the opposition. In August 1980, he headed the Board of Experts of the Inter-Factory Strike Committee, whose task was to support the striking workers in Gdańsk in the negotiations with the authorities. From 1981, he was the editor-in-chief of the “Tygodnik Solidarność” weekly magazine. After martial law was declared he was arrested and interned in Strzebielinek, then in Jaworz, and finally in Darłówek; he was one of the last prisoners to be released on 23 December 1982.
He was one of the chief negotiators during the Round Table Talks. At the request of Lech Wałęsa he agreed to become Prime Minister of the first non-communist Government of the Polish Third Republic. He co-created the Constitution of free Poland. He chaired the Freedom Union (Unia Wolności). In the years 1991-2001, for three consecutive terms (I-III), he was a representative to the Polish Parliament as a member of the Democratic Union (Unia Demokratyczna), and then the Freedom Union. He was one of the founders of the Democratic Party, and a member of its political council.
In the years 1992-1995, Mazowiecki was the Special Emissary of the Human Rights Commission of United Nations to Bosnia and Herzegovina. He resigned in protest against the inaction of the international community to human rights violations, especially genocide in Srebrenica.
He received an honorary degree from the Universities of Louvain, Genoa, Giessen, Poitiers, and Exeter, the Warsaw University, the University of Economics in Katowice and the University of Tuzla. He was honoured with many awards, including the Order of the White Eagle, the Golden Order of Bosnia, the Order of the Legion of Honour, the Middle Cross with the Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary, and received the Srebrenica Award and the Jan Nowak-Jeziorański Award.