(born 19 August 1893, died 17 October 1943)
Honorary Citizen of Warsaw from 20 September 1999
Resolution of the Council of the Capital City of Warsaw No. XV/116/99 of 20 September 1999
A Polish officer, politician, economist, journalist, in the years 1934-1939 Mayor of Warsaw. He was born in Warsaw. During World War I he fought in the Polish Legions, and the Polish Military Organization. In the years 1927 - 1932 he was a director of the department and a deputy minister of the Treasury. At the same time in the years 1930-1935 he was a member of Polish Sejm as a member of BBWR (the Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government) and a lecturer at the Warsaw School of Economics.
On 1 August 1934, Stefan Starzyński was nominated the commissioner President of Warsaw, and in December 1938 elected the President of the capital city. His initiative was to expand municipal facilities and the urban transport network, build many public schools, health care and social welfare institutions. Starzyński initiated the creation of the Commission for the Protection of Monuments and the Museum of Old Warsaw. He was the originator of a four-year capital expansion plan, whose execution was interrupted by the outbreak of World War II.
In September 1939, against the orders of evacuation he remained in the city, where first as the Civilian Commissar at the Civil Defence Headquarters in Warsaw, and then in the “Warszawa” Army, by a personal example, energy and famous radio speeches to the residents of the besieged capital, he became a real leader of fighting Warsaw.
On 27 October 1939, he was arrested by the Germans in the town hall and imprisoned in the Pawiak prison in Warsaw, since December 1939 in Berlin, and then in a concentration camp in Dachau, from where he was probably transported to a potassium mine in Baelberge, where he disappeared without a trace.
In the plebiscite organised by the editors of “Gazeta Wyborcza”, “Radio Kolor” and the Warsaw Television Centre, he was elected as the Varsovian of the Century.
On 6 September 1946, he was posthumously awarded the Grunwald Cross, First Class, and on 28 March 2010, President of the Republic of Poland Lech Kaczyński posthumously awarded Stefan Starzyński the Order of the White Eagle “in recognition of the distinguished contribution to the independence of the Republic of Poland, for the great contribution to the development of Warsaw and the courage and bravery shown during its defence in 1939.”