prof. Adam Justyn Strzembosz (born on 11 September 1930 in Warsaw)
Honorary Citizen of Warsaw since 16 June 2016
Lawyer, judge, professor of legal sciences, Vice Minister of Justice (1989 – 1990), the first President of the Supreme Court, and the Head of the State Tribunal (1990 – 1998); Knight of the Order of the White Eagle.
He passed his secondary-school-leaving exams in 1949, after which he started a two-degree law course at the Jagiellonian University. He obtained a Master’s degree at the Faculty of Law of the University of Warsaw in 1953. In 1969, he was granted a PhD degree, and in 1979 a post-doctoral degree; in 1986, he became professor of legal sciences.
Between 1953 and 1956, he was employed in the head office of the Social Insurance Institution in Warsaw. He completed court internship. He worked as a Warszawa-Praga County Court Judge from 1961 to 1968, and from 1966 as a Voivodeship Court Judge for the City of Warsaw. In 1974, he took up employment at the Institute for Judicial Law Research, where he took up the position of assistant professor in 1980.
After 1980, he was engaged in the organisation of the independent trade-union structures in the Ministry of Justice, and became a board member for the Mazovia region. He was also a delegate at the 1st National Delegate Convention of the Independent Self-Governing Trade Union “Solidarity”, held in Gdańsk, where he was chosen for the National Supervisory Commission. After the introduction of martial law, he was dismissed from the position of the Voivodeship Court Judge, and a couple of days later, from the position of assistant professor at the Institute.
In the 80s, he participated in the work of Solidarity’s Centre for Citizen Legislative Initiatives. Between 1982 and 1989, he was a lecturer at the Catholic University of Lublin. At the same time, he cooperated with underground “Solidarity” structures. During the round-table talks, he presided over the sub-group discussing issues of law and the courts, and next he performed the function of chairman of the law and justice commission of the Citizens’ Committee cooperating with the President of the Solidarity, Lech Wałęsa.
In September 1989, he was appointed to the position of the Undersecretary of State at the Ministry of Justice by the Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki. In July 1990, he took on the position of Supreme Court Judge, after which he was elected the first President of the Supreme Court by the Sejm. He served this function until 1998, being at the same time ex-officio Head of the State Tribunal.
In March 1995, he put forward his candidacy for the Presidential elections, but he finally withdrew, supporting Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz.
In 1998, he returned to work at the Catholic University of Lublin. In 2000, he was appointed full professor of this university. He was also a lecturer at the Polonia University in Częstochowa.
Between 2002 and 2004, he was a member of the Consultation Board of the Press Freedom Monitoring Centre at the Polish Journalists’ Association. He was appointed a member of the Programme Council of the Academia Iuris Foundation, as well as a member of the Patronage Council of the Jagiellonian Institute.
fot. Erazm Ciołek