Marek Edelman, (born 1 January 1922 - died 2 October 2009)
Honorary Citizen of Warsaw from April 2001.
Resolution of the Warsaw City Council No. XXXII/435/ 2001 of 9 April 2001.
A political and social activist, a cardiologist.
During WW II a member of the Public Jewish Workers Association, one of the founders of the Jewish Military Organisation. In 1943, he participated in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, and after the death of Mordechaj Anielewicz he became the last leader of fighters of the Jewish Military Organisation during the fights in the ghetto. In 1944, he participated in the Warsaw Uprising. He did not leave Poland after the war, and from 1946 permanently settled in Łódź.
In 1951 Edelman graduated from the Medical University of Łódź, specialising in cardiology. Until 1967 he worked in the Internal Diseases Clinic of his alma mater, and then in the cardiology department of the Military Medical Academy. In 1972, he became the head of the intensive therapy department of the Provincial Hospital in Łódź. He started his opposition activity in the middle of the 1970’s, cooperating with the Workers Protection Committee. He was also an activist of the underground Solidarity movement.
In January 1976 he was one of the signatories of the Letter of 101 intellectualists against changes in the constitution, directed to the authorities of the People’s Republic of Poland. In 1988, he presided over the Committee for National Minorities at Lech Wałęsa’s Civic Committee. He participated in the session of the health unit during the Round Table Talks.
On 17 April 1998, the president of the Republic of Poland Aleksander Kwaśniewski awarded Mark Edelman with the highest Polish distinction – Order of the White Eagle, and in April 2008, the President of France awarded him the Legion of Honour.
He is the author of many historical and scientific publications.